:

:

| | : "Ctr+F" |



 

9 2009 . N 649-

 

 

 

 

Dependability in technics. Terms and definitions

 

IEC 60050 (191):1990-12

(NEQ)

 

27.002-2009

 

59

 

21.020

 

1 2011

 

 

27 2002 . N 184- " ", - 1.0-2004 " . ".

 

 

1. " - " ("").

2. 119 " ".

3. 9 2009 . N 649-.

4. 60050 (191):1990-12 " " (IEC 60050 (191):1990-12 "Dependability and quality of service", NEQ).

5. .

 

" ", - " ". () " ". , - .

 

 

, .

.

, , .

, , .

.

, , . .

, , , , . , .

.

.

, - .

 

1.

 

.

, , , () .

 

2.

 

 

1. &&: , item, entity

.

. 1. ,

, , , , ,

, .

2. ,

.

3.

.

 

2. & &: . sub-item

.

.

 

3. & & ( indenture level

): (for maintenance)

.

. 1.

, , , .

2.

, ,

, .

 

4. & &: , repairable item

,

.

. 1. " "

,

.

2. ,

,

.

 

5. & &: , non-repairable

item

,

.

. 1. " "

,

.

2. ,

,

.

 

6. && ( ): , service

.

7.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

&&: , requirement

│,

│.

. 1. " "

│, ,

,

│ .

2.

, ,

,

│, .

3. ,

│, , .

4.

│ .

[ 9000-2008, 3.1.2]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

8. & &: required function

,

.

.

, .

 

9.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

&&: . conformity

[ 9000-2008, 3.6.1]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

10.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

&&: . nonconformity

[ 9000-2008, 3.6.2]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

11.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

&&: , defect

│ .

. 1. ""

"" ,

,

.

│, ""

│ .

2. , ,

,

│, .

[ 9000-2008, 3.6.3]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

12.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

&&: verification

,

│,

│ , .

. 1. ""

│ .

2.

│ :

- ;

-

│ ;

- ;

- .

[ 9000-2008, 3.8.4]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

13. &&: modification

,

.

14. &&: , degradation

,

.

.

()

.

 

15. & &: effectiveness

.

.

.

 

16. && ( ): capability

.

.

.

 

 

17. &&: dependability

,

.

.

.

 

18. &&: availability

,

.

. 1.

,

.

2. " " ,

.

3. ,

,

.

 

19. &&: reliability

.

. 1. " "

,

.

2. ,

.

 

20. &&: maintainability

,

.

. " "

,

.

 

21. &&: durability

.

. " "

,

.

 

22. & - integrated

&: logistic support;

, ILS

.

23. &&: storability

()

.

 

,

 

24. & &: , up state

, .

.

.

 

25. & &: up time

,

.

26. & accumulated up

&: time

.

27. & &: operating state

.

28. &&: , operating time

.

.

( ,

..) ( ,

, ..).

 

29. & &: non-operating

. state

30. & &: non-operating

, time

.

31. & &: , required time

,

.

32. & &: , non-required time

,

.

33. & &: standby state

.

34. & &: , standby time

.

35. & &: idle state

.

36. & &: , idle time

.

37. & &: , busy state

()

.

38. & &: enabled state

.

39. & &: , enabled time

.

40. & &: disabled state

,

.

41. & disabled time

&: ,

.

42. & down state

&: ,

-

.

43. & accumulated down

&: time

.

44. & external disabled

&: , state

- .

45. & external disabled

&: , time

.

46. & &: , limiting state

,

.

47. & &: limiting state

, criterion

.

48. & &: , critical state

:

,

.

 

,

 

49. &&: failure

.

. ,

.

 

50. &&: , error

,

.

51. & &: failure criterion

,

.

52. & &: , complete failure

.

53. & &: , partial failure

,

.

. ,

.

 

54. & &: , primary failure

.

55. & &: , secondary failure

.

56. & &: , failure effect

.

57. & &: , systematic

, failure

,

.

. 1.

, ,

.

2.

.

 

58. & &: failure cause

, ,

.

59. & &: failure mechanism

, .

60. & &: , human error

.

61. & &: , wearout failure

- ,

.

62. & &: , ageing failure

-

.

63. & &: common cause

, failures

- ,

.

64. & &: common mode

, failures

.

. 1.

.

2.

.

 

65. & &: , manifestation

of a latent fault

.

66. & &: failure

. criticality

67. & &: , critical failure

: ,

.

68. &&: damage

.

 

,

 

69. &&: , fault

,

-

.

70. & &: , permanent fault

.

71. & &: , transient fault

.

72. & &: intermittent

, . fault

73. & &: , dormant fault

.

.

.

 

74. & &: , latent fault

.

.

.

 

75. & &: , systematic fault

.

76. & &: design fault

- .

77. & &: manufacturing

- . fault

78. & &: , partial fault

,

.

.

.

 

,

 

79. & &: , operating time

to failure

.

80. & &: , operating time

to first failure

.

.

.

 

81. & &: time between

failures

.

.

.

 

82. & &: operating time

between failures

.

83. & &: time

. to restoration,

. , time to recovery

,

.

 

84. & &: useful life

.

85. & &: early failure

, , period

.

86. & &: constant failure

, intensity period

,

.

87. & &: constant failure

, rate period

,

.

88. & &: wearout failure

, , period

.

89. & &: reliability

(measure)

.

. 1. ,

.

2. R(t).

 

90. & &: instantaneous

, , failure rate

,

, , ,

.

.

 

,

 

F(t) f(t)

.

 

91. & &: mean failure rate

.

.

 

.

 

92. & z(t)&: instantaneous

, , failure intensity

,

.

.

 

,

 

N(t) - (0, t);

E - .

 

93. & &: mean failure

intensity

.

.

z(t)

 

.

 

94. & &: asymptotic

, , failure intensity

z(t), .

95. & &: mean operating

. time to first

failure; MTTFF

96. & &: mean operating

. time to failure;

MTTF

97. & &: mean operating

. time between

failures; MTBF

98. &&: operating life

.

99. &- &: gamma-percentile

, operating time

, . to failure

100. & &: mean useful life

.

101. &- &: , gamma-percentile

useful life

, .

102. & &: mean operating

. life

103. &- &: , gamma-percentile

operating life

, .

104. & &: , residual useful

. life

105. & &: , residual

. operating life

. (-)

102 (-

103) . (-

)

100 (- 101) .

 

106. & &: storability time

,

.

107. &- &: gamma-percentile

, storability time

,

.

108. & &: mean storability

. time

 

,

 

109. & & ( maintenance

):

,

.

110. & &: maintenance

policy

, ,

.

111. & &: maintenance

, concept

.

112. & &: maintenance plan

, ,

,

.

113. & &: , maintenance

schedule

.

.

,

, ,

.

 

114. & &: maintenance

, echelon

.

. ,

, .

 

115. & &: maintenance level

,

.

116. & &: preventive

, maintenance

.

117. & &: corrective

, maintenance

.

118. & &: condition

, based

. maintenance

.

, .

 

119. & , reliability

&: , centred

maintenance; RCM

,

.

120. & &: automatic

, maintenance

.

121. & &: deferred

, maintenance

,

.

. 1.

.

2.

, -

, .

 

122. & &: maintenance task

, .

.

, ,

, .

 

123. & & ( scheduled

): , maintenance

.

124. & & unscheduled

( ): maintenance

, .

125. && ( ): repair

,

,

.

.

, ,

.

 

126. & &: , fault detection

.

127. & &: , fault

localization

.

128. & &: , fault diagnosis

,

.

129. & &: , fault correction

.

130. & &: , function checkout

.

131. &&: , recovery,

restoration

.

132. & on-site

&: , maintenance,

. field maintenance

133. & off-site

&: , maintenance

.

134. & &: , condition

monitoring

.

.

.

 

135. & &: remote

, maintenance

.

 

 

136. & maintainability

&: (measure)

,

.

137. & & maintenance time

( ):

,

, ,

- ,

.

.

.

 

138. & &: maintenance

man-hours; MMH

, ,

.

139. & active

&: maintenance time

, ,

.

140. & preventive

&: maintenance

, time

,

.

141. & corrective

&: maintenance

, time

,

.

142. & active preventive

&: maintenance time

,

.

143. & active corrective

&: maintenance time

,

.

144. & &: undetected fault

time

- .

145. & &: administrative

delay

.

.

.

 

146. & &: logistic delay

,

,

.

. ,

, , ,

.

 

147. & &: fault correction

time

,

.

148. & &: technical delay

,

.

.

: ,

, .

 

149. & &: function checkout

, time

.

150. & &: fault diagnosis

time

,

.

151. & &: fault

localization time

,

.

152. & &: repair time

, .

153. & &: , repair rate,

, instantaneous

repair rate

,

, , t = 0

t.

154. & &: mean repair time;

. MRT

155. & mean active

&: corrective

maintenance time

.

156. & &: mean time

. to recovery;

MTTR

157. & &: fault coverage

,

.

158. & &: repair coverage

, .

159. & &: mean

. administrative

delay

160. & &: mean logistic

. delay

161. &- &: gamma-percentile

, operating time

, . to recovery

 

 

162. & & ( availability

): , (measure),

inherent

, availability

.

163. & &: operational

, availability

,

.

164. & A(t)&: instantaneous

, availability

.

165. & U(t)&: instantaneous

, unavailability

,

.

166. & &: mean availability

.

.

 

.

 

167. & &: mean

unavailability

.

.

 

.

 

168. & A&: steady state

, , , availability,

. asymptotic

. availability

.

 

169. & U&: steady state

, , , unavailability

.

170. & mean up time

&:

.

171. & mean down time

&:

.

172. & &: operating

, instantaneous

, availability

,

.

.

.

 

173. & & steady-state

( ): availability

ratio

,

.

174. & &: effectiveness

retention ratio

,

,

.

 

,

 

175.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

&&: test

│ .

[ 9000-2008, 3.8.3]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

176. & &: , determination

test

.

177. & &: , compliance test

.

178. & &: , acceptance test

,

.

179. & &: qualification

test

.

180. & &: , laboratory test

() ,

.

181. & &: , field test

.

182. & &: endurance test

,

.

183. & &: , accelerated test

,

.

184. & &: , step stress test

.

185. & &: screening test

,

,

.

186. & &: test cycle

,

,

.

187. & &: , durability test,

. life test

188. &&: testability

,

.

189. & &: test plan

,

.

 

,

 

190. & &: dependability

. specification

.

,

,

,

,

, ,

,

.

 

191. & &: , allocation

,

.

192. &&: redundancy

,

.

193. & &: , active redundancy

,

, .

194. & &: , standby

, redundancy

, ,

.

195. & m n&: , m out of n

m n redundancy

.

.

, , k n.

 

196. & &: , diverse

redundancy

() .

197. & &: derating

.

198. &&: , fail safe

.

199. & &: fault tolerance

.

200. &&: self-checking

.

201. &&: self-testing

.

 

,

 

202. &&: , prediction

.

203. & &: , reliability

model

.

204. & &: failure modes

, and effects

analysis; FMEA

.

. "

"

.

 

205. & , failure modes,

&: , effects and

criticality

analysis; FMECA

.

. " ,

"

.

 

206. & &: , fault tree

, analysis; FTA

,

,

.

207. & &: event tree

, analysis; ETA

.

208. &- &: reliability

, , block diagram

.

209. & &: , fault tree

,

,

.

210. & -&: , state-transition

diagram

.

211. & &: hazard

, , identification

.

212.

┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

& &: risk analysis

│ .

. 1.

,

│ .

2.

│, ,

│ .

[ 51897-2002, 3.3.2]

└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

 

 

& & 204

& , & 205

& & 206

& & 207

& & 212

&& 19

&- & 208

&& 12

& & 89

& & 136

&& 16

&& 131

& & 34

& & 39

& & 83

& -& 161

& & 156

& & 151

& & 81

& & 144

& & 32

& & 150

& & 149

& & 36

& & 31

& & 147

&& 18

& & 113

&& 14

& & 209

&& 11

& & 128

& -& 210

&& 21

& & 122

& & 145

& & 159

& & 146

& & 160

& & 148

& & 197

& 155

&

& & 211

&& 1

& & 4

& & 5

& & 153

& & 90

& & 91

&& 175

& & 179

& & 177

& & 180

& & 187

& & 182

& & 176

& & 185

& & 178

& & 184

& & 183

& & 181

&& 188

& & 134

& & 111

& & 162

& & 164

& & 166

& & 168

& & 163

& & 165

& & 167

& & 169

& & 172

& & 174

& & 173

& & 51

& & 47

& & 66

& & 127

& & 59

& & 203

&& 13

&& 17

&& 28

& & 79

& -& 99

& & 96

& & 80

& & 95

& & 82

& & 97

&& 69

& & 76

& & 71

& & 73

& & 72

& & 77

& & 75

& & 74

& & 70

& & 78

&& 10

& & 190

& - & 22

& & 126

& & 109

& & 120

& & 133

& & 135

& & 117

& & 132

& & 124

& , & 119

& & 121

& & 123

& & 118

& & 116

&& 49

& & 61

& & 62

& & 55

& & 67

& & 54

&& 198

& & 52

& & 57

& & 53

& & 64

& & 63

&& 50

& & 60

& & 94

& & 92

& & 93

& & 88

& & 86

& & 87

& & 85

& & 189

& & 112

&& 68

& & 157

& & 158

& & 56

& & 58

& & 130

&& 202

& & 141

& 143

&

& & 41

& & 45

& 43

&

& & 171

& & 30

& & 140

& 142

&

& & 25

& & 26

& & 170

& & 152

& & 154

& & 137

& & 139

& & 65

& & 191

&& 192

& & 194

& & 193

& & 196

& m n& 195

&& 125

&& 20

&& 98

& -& 103

& & 105

& & 102

&& 200

&& 201

&& 9

& & 2

& & 33

& & 38

& & 37

& & 48

& & 40

& & 44

& & 42

& & 29

& & 46

& & 24

& & 35

& & 27

&& 23

& & 84

& -& 101

& & 104

& & 100

& & 106

& -& 107

& & 108

& & 110

&& 7

& & 138

& & 3

& & 115

&& 6

& & 199

& & 129

& & 8

& & 186

& & 15

& & 114

 

 

accelerated test 183

acceptance test 178

accumulated down time 43

accumulated up time 26

active corrective maintenance time 143

active maintenance time 139

active preventive maintenance time 142

active redundancy 193

administrative delay 145

ageing failure 62

allocation 191

asymptotic availability 168

asymptotic failure intensity 94

automatic maintenance 120

availability 18

availability (measure) 162

busy state 37

capability 16

common cause failures 63

common mode failures 64

complete failure 52

compliance test 177

condition based maintenance 118

condition monitoring 134

conformity 9

constant failure intensity period 86

constant failure rate period 87

corrective maintenance 117

corrective maintenance time 141

critical failure 67

critical state 48

damage 68

defect 11

deferred maintenance 121

degradation 14

dependability 17

dependability specification 190

derating 197

design fault 76

determination test 176

disabled state 40

disabled time 41

diverse redundancy 196

dormant fault 73

down state 42

durability 21

durability test 187

early failure period 85

effectiveness 15

effectiveness retention ratio 174

enabled state 38

entity 1

enabled time 39

endurance test 182

error 50

ETA 207

event tree analysis 207

external disabled state 44

external disabled time 45

fail safe 198

failure 49

failure cause 58

failure criterion 51

failure criticality 66

failure effect 56

failure mechanism 59

failure modes and effects analysis 204

failure modes, effects and criticality analysis 205

fault 69

fault correction 129

fault correction time 147

fault coverage 157

fault detection 126

fault diagnosis 128

fault diagnosis time 150

fault localization 127

fault localization time 151

fault tolerance 199

fault tree 209

fault tree analysis 206

field maintenance 132

field test 181

FMEA 204

FMECA 205

FTA 206

function checkout 130

function checkout time 149

gamma-percentile operating life 103

gamma-percentile operating time to failure 99

gamma-percentile operating time to recovery 161

gamma-percentile storability time 107

gamma-percentile useful life 101

hazard identification 211

human error 60

idle state 35

idle time 36

ILS 22

indenture level (for maintenance) 3

inherent availability 162

instantaneous availability 164

instantaneous failure intensity 92

instantaneous failure rate 90

instantaneous repair rate 153

instantaneous unavailability 165

integrated logistic support 22

intermittent fault 72

item 1

laboratory test 180

latent fault 74

limiting state 46

limiting state criterion 47

logistic delay 146

m out of n redundancy 195

maintainability 20

maintainability (measure) 136

maintenance 109

maintenance concept 111

maintenance echelon 114

maintenance level 115

maintenance man-hours 138

maintenance plan 112

maintenance policy 110

maintenance schedule 113

maintenance task 122

maintenance time 137

manifestation of a latent fault 65

manufacturing fault 77

mean active corrective maintenance time 155

mean administrative delay 159

mean availability 166

mean down time 171

mean failure intensity 93

mean failure rate 91

mean logistic delay 160

mean operating life 102

mean operating time between failures 97

mean operating time to failure 96

mean operating time to first failure 95

mean repair time 154

mean storability time 108

mean time to recovery 156

mean unavailability 167

mean up time 170

mean useful life 100

MMH 138

modification 13

MRT 154

MTBF 97

MTTF 96

MTTFF 95

MTTR 156

nonconformity 10

non-operating state 29

non-operating time 30

non-repairable item 5

non-required time 32

off-site maintenance 133

on-site maintenance 132

operating instantaneous availability 172

operating life 98

operating state 27

operating time 28

operating time between failures 82

operating time to failure 79

operating time to first failure 80

operational availability 163

partial failure 53

partial fault 78

permanent fault 70

prediction 202

preventive maintenance 116

preventive maintenance time 140

primary failure 54

qualification test 179

recovery 131

redundancy 192

reliability 19

reliability block diagram 208

reliability centred maintenance 119

reliability (measure) 89

reliability model 203

remote maintenance 135

repair 125

repair coverage 158

repair rate 153

repair time 152

repairable item 4

required function 8

required time 31

requirement 7

residual operating life 105

residual useful life 104

restoration 131

RCM 119

risk analysis 212

scheduled maintenance 123

screening test 185

secondary failure 55

self-checking 200

self-testing 201

service 6

standby redundancy 194

standby state 33

standby time 34

state-transition diagram 210

steady state availability 168

steady-state availability ratio 173

steady state unavailability 169

step stress test 184

storability 23

storability time 106

sub-item 2

systematic failure 57

systematic fault 75

technical delay 148

test 175

test cycle 186

test plan 189

testability 188

time between failures 81

time to recovery 83

time to restoration 83

transient fault 71

undetected fault time 144

unscheduled maintenance 124

up state 24

up time 25

useful life 84

verification 12

wearout failure 61

wearout failure period 88

 

 

 

 

 

()

 

 

.1. , .1.

 

 

.1

 

 







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